Fanon, Frantz


Fanon, Frantz
(1925-1961)
   psychiatrist, political theorist
   Frantz Fanon, whose analysis of colonialism places him among the leading revolutionary thinkers of the modern era, was born in Fort-de-France, Martinique. During World War II he served with the Free French forces in North Africa and France, then studied psychiatry in lyon. Appointed chief psychiatrist at the hospital in Blida, Algeria, he studied the phenomenon of depersonalization in the population in relation to the colonial situation. At that time, he also supported the Algerian revolution. Expelled from Algeria, he went to Tunis, Tunisia, where he continued his medical work and political activities, especially with the National Liberation Front, and served as diplomatic representative of the provisional government of the Algerian Republic. Fanon was influenced by the writings of ALBERT CAMUS and JEAN-PAUL SARTRE,as well as by those of Karl Marx and G. w. F. Hegel. His own sociological and political analysis of colonialism and the dangers of neocolonialism emphasizes the struggle for liberation in all Africa and the specificity of the revolution in countries of the Third world. He was also a guiding figure in the American black liberation movement, in particular in the formation of the Black Panther Party. Fanon's principal writings include Peau noire, masques blancs (1952); L'An Vde la révolution algérienne (1959; Les Damnés de la terre (1961), his best-known work; and Pour la révolution africaine (1969).

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fanon, Frantz — ▪ West Indian psychoanalyst and philosopher in full  Frantz Omar Fanon   born 1925, Martinique died Dec. 6, 1961, Washington, D.C., U.S.       West Indian psychoanalyst and social philosopher, known for his theory that some neuroses are socially… …   Universalium

  • Fanon, Frantz — (1925–1961)    A revolutionary socialist activist and major theoretician of Third World liberation, Fanon was strongly influenced by Marxism, but both developed it and departed from it in his analysis of colonialism. Born in French colonial… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Fanon, Frantz — (1925–1961) French psychologist and theorist of colonialism. Born in French Martinique, Fanon studied medicine and psychiatry in France after the Second World War. His Peau noire, masques blancs (1952, trs. as Black Skin, White Masks, 1967),… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Fanon, Frantz — ► (1925 61) Sociólogo y escritor argelino. Su obra Los condenados de la tierra representa la base de una teoría de la descolonización. Autor de Sociología de una revolución …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fanon, Frantz (Omar) — born 1925, Martinique died Dec. 6, 1961, Washington, D.C., U.S. West Indian psychoanalyst and social philosopher. He served in the French army in World War II, earned a medical degree, and became head of the psychiatric department of an Algerian… …   Universalium

  • Fanon, Frantz (Omar) — (1925, Martinica–6 dic. 1961, Washington, D.C., EE.UU.). Sicoanalista y filósofo social originario de las Indias Occidentales. Sirvió en el ejército francés en la segunda guerra mundial, se recibió de médico, y se convirtió en el jefe del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • FANON (F.) — FANON FRANTZ (1925 1961) «C’est un Paraclet», a dit de lui Aimé Césaire. «Il y a des vies qui constituent des appels à vivre.» L’œuvre et le nom de Frantz Fanon, après avoir «appelé» l’engagement des existentialistes français dans les années qui… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • fanon — [ fanɔ̃ ] n. m. • XIIe « manipule »; frq. °fano « morceau d étoffe »; cf. all. Fahne « drapeau » 1 ♦ (1418) Chacun des deux pendants de la mitre d un évêque. (1678) Mar. Partie flottante d une voile carguée. 2 ♦ (1538) Cour …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Frantz Fanon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fanon. Frantz Fanon Nom de nai …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fanon — ► sustantivo masculino INDUMENTARIA Y MODA, RELIGIÓN Prenda de vestir en forma de doble esclavina cerrada que lleva el papa sobre el alba en la misa pontifical. * * * fanón 1 m. Pliegue que tienen en el cuello el *carnero y el *buey. 2 Cir.… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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